Changi Airport handled 32.2 million passengers in 2022

posted on 31st January 2023 by Eddie Saunders
Changi Airport handled 32.2 million passengers in 2022

Singapore Changi Airport handled 32.2 million passenger movements in 2022, reaching almost half of the traffic in 2019, before the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic. Aircraft movements, which include landings and takeoffs, totalled 219,000, 57.2% of 2019 levels.

Airfreight throughput registered 1.85 million tonnes for 2022, a year-on-year decline of 4.8%.

In 2022, all regions registered strong recovery in passenger traffic, with North America even slightly exceeding pre-Covid levels on a full-year basis, and Southwest Pacific, South Asia, and Europe each reaching two-thirds of 2019 traffic.

Closer to home, Southeast Asia has also seen a robust pickup in traffic following the region’s reopening, closing out the year with a new high of two million passenger movements in December 2022, representing over three-quarters of December 2019 traffic.

Changi Airport’s top five passenger markets for the year were, in order, Australia, Malaysia, Indonesia, India and Thailand. Similar to 2019, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok and Jakarta were Changi Airport’s three busiest routes in 2022.

The Singapore-Kuala Lumpur route is currently the world’s busiest international route based on seat capacity.

On the cargo front, cargo flows dipped slightly against the backdrop of global economic uncertainty and inflationary pressures.

Changi’s top five air cargo markets for the year were, in order, China, Australia, United States of America, Hong Kong and Japan.

Strongest traffic in December

Passenger traffic continued to grow throughout 2022, reaching a high in December with 4.62 million passenger movements recorded.

This was 72% of Changi Airport’s traffic in December 2019. The busiest week of the year (12 to 18 December) saw more than 1.07 million passengers passing through Changi’s terminals, or 82% of the weekly average in 2019.

For the month, aircraft movements registered 25,400, reaching 76% of pre-Covid levels. Airfreight throughput, compared to December 2021, fell 17.3% to 153,000 tonnes.

Among Changi’s top 10 markets, South Korea saw passenger traffic grow beyond pre-Covid levels in December 2022, driven in part by additional capacity from Changi’s airline partners, including new airlines T’way Air and Air Premia on the Singapore-Seoul route, and Scoot plying the new Singapore-Jeju route.

Mr Lim Ching Kiat, Executive Vice President of Air Hub and Cargo Development, Changi Airport Group (CAG), said, “In the past two years, we strengthened our airport offerings and continued to engage our airline partners in anticipation of travel revival.

“Changi Airport community’s efforts have paid off – the airport is now leading the Asia Pacific region in travel recovery.

“The re-opening of Terminals 2 and 4 has helped restore airport capacity to cater to the strong travel demand.

“We look forward to welcoming more flights in the coming months, for example, Ethiopian Airlines will commence flights from Addis Ababa in March. Notwithstanding near-term challenges such as global economic uncertainty and inflationary pressures, we are confident that we will be able to progressively restore Changi Airport’s connectivity and traffic to pre-Covid levels.”

Enhancing connectivity 

In 2022, Changi Airport welcomed eight new airlines. Of these, there are seven passenger airlines – Aircalin, Bamboo Airways, Cambodia Airways, Citilink, HK Express, Thai Vietjet Air and T’way Air – and one freighter operator Atlas Air.

Four new passenger city links were established for the year – Jeju (South Korea), Nouméa (New Caledonia), Pune (India) and Sibu (Malaysia).

As at the first week of January 2023, 96 airlines operate over 5,600 weekly scheduled flights at Changi Airport, connecting Singapore to 143 cities in 48 countries and territories worldwide. This is 82% of Changi’s pre-Covid connectivity.

Changi Airport’s passenger, aircraft and airfreight movements for 2022

Month Passenger Traffic Aircraft Movements Airfreight Throughput
Number[5] (thousand) Recovery[6] (%) Number (thousand) Recovery5 (%) Tonnes (thousand) Change[7] (%)
January 720 12.7 12.1 37.2 169 16.1
February 703 13.7 10.9 36.3 137 10.4
March 1,140 20.3 13.2 40.7 152 -3.4
April 1,930 34.6 15.1 47.9 152 -1.8
May 2,470 45.6 17.1 54.0 153 -3.9
June 2,930 50.3 18.4 58.6 163 1.5
July 3,300 55.8 20.3 62.6 163 -0.2
August 3,320 56.3 20.4 63.1 153 -7.7
September 3,420 62.6 20.4 65.5 154 -10.0
October 3,690 65.3 21.8 68.2 152 -16.3
November 3,960 69.3 23.7 74.8 151 -15.0
December 4,620 72.0 25.4 76.0 153 -17.0
Total 32,200 47.2 219 57.2 1,850 -4.8

[5] Rounded off to 3 significant figures

[6] Compared to 2019

[7] Compared to 2021

Top 10 Passenger Markets for Changi Airport[8]

  2022 2019
1 Australia Indonesia
2 Malaysia China
3 Indonesia Malaysia
4 India Australia
5 Thailand Thailand
6 Philippines India
7 Vietnam Japan
8 United Kingdom Philippines
9 Korea Hong Kong
10 Japan Vietnam


Top 10 City Routes for Changi Airport7

  2022 2019
1 Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur
2 Bangkok Bangkok
3 Jakarta Jakarta
4 Manila Hong Kong
5 Sydney Denpasar
6 Denpasar Manila
7 Melbourne Tokyo
8 Ho Chi Minh City Taipei
9 Seoul Ho Chi Minh City
10 London Sydney

[8] By passenger traffic