The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Council yesterday made important headway on the key international standards supporting the UN aviation agency’s Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA).
Adoption comes less than two years after ICAO’s 192 Member States achieved their historic agreement on CORSIA at ICAO’s 39th Assembly, an emissions-offsetting first for any global industry sector.
ICAO Council president, Dr. Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu said: “Gaining agreement on this new Volume IV to Annex 16 is critical to helping States and airlines to operationalise CORSIA per its established deadlines.
“This especially pertains to its monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) scheme, which describes in detail what has to be done, by whom, starting with the collection of information on international aviation CO2 emissions by airlines as of January 2019.”
Aliu further noted the CORSIA MRV provisions had been tested before their adoption, with the support of Germany and the active participation of six additional States and 10 airlines.
Also approved at the council’s meeting was the 2018 version of the ICAO CORSIA CO2 Estimation and Reporting Tool (CERT), which provides a simplified tool for small operators to monitor and report their CO2 emissions, and further agreement was achieved around the specifics for a CORSIA Central Registry (CCR).
ICAO said future work on CORSIA will focus on the timely realisation of the remaining CORSIA implementation elements, including the evaluation of carbon market programmes against a set of robust criteria, the determination of its eligible emissions units, and which aviation fuels will meet the CORSIA Sustainability Criteria.
ICAO secretary general, Dr. Fang Liu said: “Significant effort was made at the global-level to ensure that these CORSIA SARPs could be adopted within such a limited timeframe, and that States and airline operators would be prepared to use them.
“ICAO will continue to actively assist our Member States in these and other CORSIA preparations, both directly and through capacity-building partnerships we’ll help them to establish.”
Aliu concluded: “Aviation has now set out not only its climate change goals, but also the means to achieve them. The progress achieved today is a clear demonstration of the unwavering commitment, on behalf of both governments and airlines, to minimise the future impact of international aviation on the global climate.”
Adoption of CORSIA SARPs complements other elements in the basket of measures including the enhancement of air navigation efficiency, the adopted aircraft CO2 certification standard and the long-term vision on the use of sustainable aviation fuels.